## Elements of Arithmetic |

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2qrs 3qrs acres added antece antecedent arithm arithmetical progression bushels called cent ciphers column commences common denominator complex numbers consequent contained corresponding cost cube root decimal figures diameter difference dividend division divisor dollars duct EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE extract the square factors fathom Federal money feet four quantities fourth term fraction gain gallons geometrical progression given number gives greater Hence hundred hundredths improper fraction inches kind last figure logarithm manner mean term merator merchant method months multiplicand number composed number expressed number of decimal number of terms operation pence performed places of decimals plain pounds preceding quotient reduced remainder rods Rule of Three separate separatrix shillings side sold sought square root subtract the product tain tens and units tens multiplied tenths third thousandths tient tion tiplied TROY WEIGHT unity weight whole numbers worth write written yards

### Popular passages

Page 29 - AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce, marked oz. 16 ounces 1 pound Ib. 28 pounds 1 quarter qr. 4 quarters 1 hundred weight cwt. 20 hundred weight 1 ton T.

Page 158 - If 8 men can build a wall 20 feet long, 6 feet high and 4 feet thick, in 12 days ; in what time will 24 men build one 200 feet long, 8 feet high, and 6 feet thick ? 8 : 12 : : 20x6x4 24: 200x8x6 80 (lays, Jlns.

Page 187 - Multiply the sum of the two extremes by the number of terms, and half the product will be the sum of all the terms.

Page 11 - Ans. 90. 5. A merchant bought of one person 50 barrels of flour for 300 dollars ; of another person, 75 barrels for 525 dollars ; and of another person, 125 barrels for 1000 dollars.

Page 183 - RULE. Find an answer, as before, by linking ; then say, As the sum of the quantities, or differences, thus determined, is to the given quantity, so is each ingredient found by linking, to the required quantity of each.

Page 166 - Ans. 60. 5. ..What is the age of a person who says, that, if | of the years I have lived, be multiplied by 7, and ^ of them be added to the product, the sum will be 292 ? Ans. 60 years.

Page 82 - RULE. Multiply all the numerators together for a new numerator, and all the denominators for a new denominator: then reduce the new fraction to its lowest terms.

Page 156 - There is a cistern having a pipe which will empty it in 10 hours; how many pipes of the same capacity will empty it in 24 minutes ? Ans.