An Account of the Operations Carried Out for Accomplishing a Trigonometrical Survey of England and Wales: From the Commencement, in the Year 1784, to the End of the Year 1796, Begun Under the Direction of Royal Society, and Continued by Order of the Honourable Board of Ordance ; First Published In, and Revised From, the Philosophical Transactions, Volume 2
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accurately adjusted Agnes angles Ann's Hill appear applied axis Barrow base Beachy Head Beacon Beacon Hill Bearings Black brass brought Butterton carried Castle centre chain Church circle coincidence Common computed contained corrected deal rods depr determined difference direction distance Dover Dunnose elev error expansion extremities feet fixed formed four give given glass rods Greenwich ground half Head Heath height High Hill horizontal House inches intersected Knoll latitude length lights longitude Lydd manner mark means measurement meridian micrometer microscope middle moved Names nearly necessary Nine objects observed Observed angles obtained operation parallel perpendicular pickets placed plane plate position proper respectively result Rook's Hill scale screws seen side situation Spire staff standard stands station Steeple sufficiently supposed surface survey taken telescope Tower triangles vertical White whole Windmill wire
Page 2 - ... having been carried out with instruments of the common, or even inferior kind, and the sum allowed for it being inadequate to the execution of so great a design in the best manner, it is rather to be considered as a magnificent military sketch, than a very accurate map of a country...
Page 1 - Accurate surveys of a country are universally admitted to be works of great public utility, as affording the surest foundation for almost every kind of internal improvement in time of peace, and the best means of forming judicious plans of defence against the invasions of an enemy in time of war ; in which last circumstance, their importance usually becomes the most apparent.
Page 3 - on the conclusion of the peace of 1763 it came for the first time under the consideration of Government to make a general survey of the whole island at public cost...
Page 175 - BA, the sum of the two refractions ; hence, supposing half that sum to be the true refraction, we have the following rule when the objects are reciprocally depressed. Subtract the sum of the two depressions from the contained arc, and half the remainder is the mean refraction : — If one of the points B, instead of being depressed be elevated, suppose to the point g, the angle of elevation being gA.D, then * " Trigonometrical Survey,
Page 89 - An account of the trigonometrical operation, whereby the distance between the meridians of the Royal Observatories of Greenwich and Paris has been determined.
Page 2 - The rise and progress of the rebellion which broke out in the Highlands of Scotland in 1745, and which was finally suppressed by His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland at the battle of Culloden in the following year, convinced the Government of what infinite importance it would be to the State that a country, so very inaccessible by nature, should be thoroughly explored and laid open, by establishing military posts in its inmost recesses, and carrying roads of communication to its remoter parts.
Page 101 - Head ; and the length of a degree of a great circle, perpendicular to the meridian, in latitude 50° 41 . Section VI.
Page 2 - Assistant-Quarter-Master, it fell to my lot to begin, and afterwards to have a considerable share in, the execution of that map ; which being undertaken under the auspices of the Duke of Cumberland, and meant at first to be confined to the Highlands only, was nevertheless at last extended to the Lowlands...
Page xiii - An Account of the Measurement of an Arc of the Meridian, extending from Dunnose, in the Isle of Wight, Latitude 50° 37