Rudiments of Geography: On a New Plan, Designed to Assist the Memory by Comparison and Classification : with Numerous Engravings of Manners, Customs, & Curiosities : Accompanied with an Atlas ...

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Oliver D. Cooke & Company, 1828 - Geography - 193 pages
 

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Page 43 - Una be extended to the poles, all places under it (that is all places exactly north and south of each other) will have noon at the same moment. If this line be carried round the earth on the opposite side, it will pass through the places which have midnight at that time. c. As the earth turns from West to East, the Sun appears to move round it from East to West. d. Therefore, if a number of meridians be drawn on the Earth, the Sun will first pass over those nearest to it, or most eastern, and afterward...
Page 37 - ... 98. In the greater part of these zones there are no fruits, or large trees ; and few plants fit for food, except some kinds of moss. None but the most hardy animals, as the bear, rein-deer, &c. can live in them.
Page iv - States entitled an act for the encouragement of learning hy securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the author., and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned, and also to an act entitled an act supplementary to an act, entitled an act for the encouragement of learning by securing the copies of maps, charts and books to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and...
Page xiii - Sun, at different distances, forming the solar system. 10. There are seven primary planets in our system, revolving round the Sun in the following order: 1. Mercury; 2. Venus; 3. The Earth; 4. Mars; 5. Jupiter; 6. Saturn; 7. Herschel, or the Georgium Sidus; as in the following figure: (1.) The Solar System.
Page 42 - From the polar circles to the poles, the days lengthen into weeks and months. In latitude 67, the longest day is one month; in latitude 70, two months; in latitude 80, four months; and at the poles, there is six months light.
Page 39 - Whai islands are in this zone ? OBSERVATIONS ON CLIMATES. 108. From the account of zones we see that the parts of the earth around the poles are the coldest, and those near the Equator the warmest. 109. The cold generally increases as the latitude, or distance from the Equator, increases ; and the heat is greater, as the latitude is less. 110. Places...
Page 35 - Zone. 87- The Torrid Zone, generally, has only two seasons ; the wet in winter, when the rains are constant, and the dry in summer, whe.n rain is unknown. Some parts, however, have two of each in a year. 88. During some parts of the year, the climate is the most delightful on earth ; at other seasons the heat is distressing, and water often scarce.
Page 24 - Massachusetts. o. Mountains are very useful in supplying springs and streams, from the snow and vapours which collect on them at all seasons.
Page 41 - Also, substances upon that side of the earth would not then weigh near so much as when the moon was otherwise situated. Also when the moon is on the opposite side of the earth, and the earth sustains a position between it and the sun, why is not the elevation of the water equal at all portions of the earth ? For if the moon and sun exert an equal influence, the result should be equal heights of water all over the earth.
Page 17 - On a Map or Chart, the Upper part is always North, the bottom South, the right hand East, and the left hand West, as represented in the following figure.

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