according act of congress admiralty admitted American appears applied authority Bank bill carried cause character Circuit Court citizens civil claim colonies commerce committed common law consent considered constitution contract crime criminal decided decision discussion district doctrine duties effect election enemy England English equally established exclusive executive exercise existing extend federal force foreign give given grant held History institutions interest judges judgment judicial jurisdiction jury justice land law of nations legislative legislature limited Lord March maritime matter means nature neutral New-York observed offence opinion original party passed peace person port practice President principles prize proceedings protection provision punishment question reason regulations reports respect Roman rule Senate ship slave statute suit Supreme Court territory tion torts trade treaty Union United vessel vote Wheaton whole
Page 500 - So, if a law be in opposition to the Constitution, if both the law and the Constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the Constitution, or conformably to the Constitution, disregarding the law, the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Page 649 - States, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives. Section 2. — 1. The house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year, by the people of the several states ; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.
Page 371 - that the laws of the several States, except where the Constitution, treaties, or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States, in cases where they apply.
Page 328 - Poulson, the editor of a daily paper, to show cause why an attachment should not issue against him for...
Page 499 - To what purpose are powers limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may at any time be passed by those intended to be restrained ? The distinction between a government with limited and unlimited powers is abolished, if those limits do not confine the persons on whom they are imposed, and if acts prohibited and acts allowed, are of equal obligation.
Page 652 - To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased, by the consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings : and, 17.
Page 651 - States;  To borrow money on the credit of the United States;  To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;  To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies...
Page 333 - ... saving to suitors, in all cases, the right of a common law remedy, where the common law is competent to give it...
Page 413 - Congress cannot vest any portion of the judicial power of the United States, except in courts ordained and established by itself...