The Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Manufactures ...: Embracing in All Nearly Three Thousand Articles on Arts and Sciences, Volume 1

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Phillips, Sampson, and Company, 1859 - Industrial arts
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Page 221 - All these things being considered, it seems probable to me that God in the beginning formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles, of such sizes and figures, and with such other properties and in such proportion to space as most conduced to the end for which he formed them...
Page 221 - And therefore, that Nature may be lasting, the Changes of corporeal Things are to be placed only in the various Separations and new Associations and Motions of these permanent Particles; compound Bodies being apt to break, not in the midst of solid Particles, but where those Particles are laid together, and only touch in a few Points.
Page 440 - ... later every day or night than on the preceding, at a mean rate. But in fourteen days afterwards, the moon comes to Virgo and Libra, which are the opposite signs to Pisces and Aries: and then she differs almost four times as much in rising; namely, one hour and about 15' later every day or night than the preceding, whilst she is in these signs.
Page 123 - Mold, in Flintshire, are curious examples, being a complete chase of cats, rats, mice, dogs, and a variety of imaginary figures, amongst which various grotesque monkeys are very conspicuous. In the latter end of the style, something very analogous to an ornamented frieze is perceived, of which the canopies to the niches, in various works, are examples; and the angels so profusely introduced, in the later rich works, are a sort of cornice ornaments.
Page 73 - ... spots : it takes the highest polish, with a singular lustre. This part is only to be come at by digging below the spur, to the depth of two or three feet, and cutting it through ; which is so laborious an operation, that few attempt it, except they are curious in the choice of their wood, or to serve a particular purpose.
Page 312 - Great source of day ! best image here below Of thy Creator, ever pouring wide, From world to world, the vital ocean round, On nature write with every beam His praise.
Page 319 - ... concavity, he will see an inverted image of himself in the air, between him and the mirror, of a less size than himself; and if he hold out his hand towards .the mirror, the hand of the image will come out towards his hand, and coincide with it, of an equal bulk, when his hand is in the centre of concavity, and he will imagine that he may shake hands with his image.
Page 400 - To make an estimate what might be the degree of this diminution, he considered with himself that, if the moon be retained in her orbit by the force of gravity, no doubt the primary planets are carried round the sun by the like power. And, by comparing the periods of the several planets with their distances from the sun, he found that if any power like gravity held them in their courses, its strength must decrease in the duplicate proportion of the increase of distance.
Page 293 - REPULSION. 1. REPULSION is that property in bodies, whereby, if they are placed just beyond the sphere of each other's attraction of cohesion, they mutually fly from each other. 2. OIL refuses to mix with water, from the repulsion between the particles of the two substances; and from the same cause, a needle gently laid upon water will swim. MOTION.
Page 428 - During this last period the south pole had already been about eight months enjoying the benefit of summer, and still continued to receive the sunbeams, though, towards the latter end, in such an oblique direction as to be but little benefited by them. On the other hand, in the year 1781...

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