How We Live: Or, The Human Body, and how to Take Care of it: An Elementary Course in Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene

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D. Appleton and Company, 1885 - Physiology - 178 pages

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Page 142 - Cer-e-bel'lum (diminutive for cer'ebrum, the brain). The little brain, situated beneath the posterior third of the cerebrum. Cer'e-brum (L.). The brain proper, occupying the entire upper portion of the skull. It is nearly divided into two equal parts, called "hemispheres," by a cleft extending from before backward.
Page 147 - Mo'lar (L. mo'la, a mill). The name applied to the three back teeth of each side of the jaw ; the grinders, or mill-like teeth. Mo'tor (L. mo'veo, mo'tum, to move). Causing motion; the name of those nerves which conduct to the muscles the stimulus which causes them to contract. Mu'cous Mem'brane. The thin layer of tissue which covers those internal cavities or passages which communicate with the external air. Mu'cus. The glairy fluid which is secreted by mucous membranes, and which serves to keep...
Page 143 - ... in relation to structure: The stomach, the small intestine, and the large intestine are all lined by mucous...
Page 146 - MAR'ROW. The soft, fatty substance contained in the central cavities of the bones : the spinal marrow, however, is composed of nervous tissue. HAS-TI-CA'TION (L. mas'tico, to chew). The act of cutting and grinding the food to pieces by means of the teeth. ME-DUL'LA OB-LON-GA'TA. The "oblong marrow," or nervous cord, which is continuous with the spinal cord within the skull.
Page 140 - The largest artery of the body, and main trunk of all the arteries. It arises from the left ventricle of the heart. The name was first applied to the two large branches of the trachea, which appear to be lifted up by the heart.
Page 149 - Pres-by-o'pi-a (Gr. 7rp&r/3us, presbus, old, and <ty, ops, the eye). A defect of the accommodation of the eye, caused by the hardening of the crystalline lens ; the " far-sight
Page 152 - Ve'nous (L. v&'na, a vein). Pertaining to, or contained within, a vein. Ven-ti-la'tion. The introduction of fresh air into a room or building in such a manner as to keep the air within it in a pure condition.
Page 146 - Literally, a lentil ; a piece of transparent glass or other substance so shaped as either to converge or disperse the rays of light. LIG'A-MENT (L.
Page 146 - I'ris (L. i'ris, the rainbow). The thin muscular ring which lies between the cornea and crystalline lens, and which gives the eye its brown, blue, or other color.
Page 143 - De-gen-er-a'tion (L. degenerare, to grow worse ; to deteriorate). A change in the structure of any organ which makes it less fit to perform its duty or function. Deg-lu-ti'tion (L. deglutire, to swallow down). The act, or process, of swallowing. De-lir'i-um. A state in which the ideas of a person are wild, irregular, and unconnected. Den'tine (L. dens, dentis, a tooth). The hard substance which forms most of a tooth ; ivory. De-o-do-ri'zer. An agent which corrects any foul or unwholesome odor. Di'a-phragm...

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