Papal Banking in Renaissance Rome: Benvenuto Olivieri and Paul III, 1534–1549
Benvenuto Olivieri was a Florentine banker active in Rome during the first half of the sixteenth century. A self made man without any great family patrimony, he rose to prominence during the pontificate of Pope Paul III, becoming involved with a variety of papal enterprises which allowed him to get to the heart of the mechanisms governing the papal finances. Amassing a considerable fortune along the way, Olivieri soon built himself a role as co-ordinator of the appalti (revenue farms) and became one of the most powerful players in the complex network that connected bankers and the papal revenue. This book explores the indissoluble link that had developed between the papacy and bankers, illuminating how the Apostolic Chamber, increasingly in need of money, could not meet its debts, without farming out the rights to future income. Utilising documents from a rich corpus of unpublished sources in Florence and Rome, Guidi Bruscoli unravels the web of financial connections that bound together Florentine and Genoese bankers with the papacy, and looks at how money was raised and the appalti managed.
Indirect and Direct Taxes
The Business Turnover
List of Cited References
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accounts addì detto administration Alessandro alum Apostolic Chamber Archivio Bartolomeo Bastiano da Montauto Benedetto Busini Benvenuto Olivieri Bindo Altoviti Bologna busta Camera apostolica cantars Cassa Cavalcanti Chapter Cinquecento Conti vari conto contract contractholders current acc customs d’oro di camera d’oro in oro debt Delumeau depositary detto ducati detto scudi ducats fasc Filippo Strozzi Fiorentini Florence Florentine Francesco gabella Galli Tassi 1824 Galli Tassi 2278 Genoese Giovan Battista Giovanni Giraldi Girolamo Ubaldini Giulio gold cameral ducats Guiducci heirs libro loan Lorenzo Lorenzo Strozzi Luca Giustiniani Luigi Mandati Camerali Medici mercatores merchantbankers Michele Monte della Fede Naples Olivieri & Partners Olivieri company pagati paid Pallavicini Paolo papal papal finances Perugia pontificia pope Quattrocento Renaissance revenue Ridolfi Ripa Roma Romagna Roman Rome Salara salt tax Sauli scudi d’oro secolo sixteenth century social capital Stato Storia tempi Tesoreria provinciale tithes Tolfa Treasury Triennial Subsidy Umbria Vie économique vols