Outlines of Physical Geography
J.H. Colton and Company, 1856 - Physical geography - 225 pages
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Africa Alps Altai Mountains Amazon animals annual Arctic Ocean Asia Atlantic Ocean atmosphere Australia basin Brazil breadth Cape Horn Caribbean Sea Caspian Caspian Sea chain climate clouds coast cold continent coral countries course currents depth direction distance distributed districts Ditto earth earthquake east eastern elevation equator eruption Europe extend fall feet flow Geography glaciers globe greatest Gulf of Mexico Gulf Stream heat height hemisphere highest Himalaya Hindoostan Indian Ocean Indies islands Lake land latitude length LESSON LIMIT Mediterranean Mississippi Mount Mountains navigable northern Orinoco Pacific Ocean parallel Peak peninsula perpetual snow plain plants plateau pole portion principal quadrupeds rain range reef remarkable rises rivers salt shores Siberia South America southern Spain species springs square miles streams summits supposed surface table-land temperature trade-winds trees tributaries tropical valley vapor vegetation vessels volcanic region volcanoes western winds
Page 165 - For the land, whither thou goest in to possess it, is not as the land of Egypt, from whence ye came out, where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs : but the land, whither ye go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh water of the rain of heaven...
Page 25 - Hudson, the Green Mountains of Vermont, and the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
Page 19 - Others are so sluggish, that they may be mistaken for pieces of the rock, and are generally of a dark colour, and from four to five inches long, and two or three round. When the...
Page 61 - A great wave swept over the coast of Spain, and is said to have been sixty feet high at Cadiz. At Tangier, in Africa, it rose and fell eighteen times on the coast ; at Funchal, in Madeira, it rose full fifteen feet perpendicular above high-water mark, although the tide, which ebbs and flows there seven feet, was then at half ebb.
Page 19 - China) was in the form of a star, with arms from four to six inches long, which it moved about with a rapid motion in all directions, probably in search of food. Others were so sluggish that they were often mistaken for pieces of the rock ; these were generally of a dark color, and from four to five inches long, and two or three round. When the rock was broken from a spot near the level of high water, it was found to be a hard, solid stone; but if any part of it were detached at a level to which...
Page 19 - The growth of coral appears to cease when the worm is no longer exposed to the washing of the sea. Thus, a reef rises in the form of a cauliflower, till its top has gained the level of the highest tides, above which the worm has no power to advance, and the reef of course no longer extends itself upwards. The...
Page 190 - But what is still more remarkable, in the more widely separated parts of the ancient continent, notwithstanding the existence of an uninterrupted land-communication, the diversity in the specific character of the respective vegetations is almost as striking. Thus there is found one assemblage of species in China, another in the countries bordering the Black Sea and the Caspian, a third in those surrounding the Mediterranean, a fourth in the great platforms of Siberia and Tartary, and sc forth.
Page 57 - Iceland, for their history reaches as far back as the ninth century of our era ; and from the beginning of the twelfth century, there is clear evidence that, during the whole period, there has never been an interval of more than forty, and very rarely one of twenty years, without either an eruption or a great earthquake. So intense is the energy of the volcanic action in this region, that some eruptions of Heel a have lasted six years without ceasing.
Page 189 - It is so abundant, and so unmixed with any thing else that can be considered as a tree in the country between the states of Barbary and the desert, that this region is designated as the Land of Dates...
Page 203 - In the Caucasian race, the head is of the most symmetrical shape, almost round ; the forehead of moderate extent ; the cheek-bones rather narrow, without any projection ; the face straight and oval with the features tolerably distinct ; the nose narrow, and slightly arched ; the mouth small, with the lips a little turned out, especially the lower one ; and the chin full and rounded.