# Arithmetic and Its Applications: Designed as a Text Book for Common Schools, High Schools, and Academies

H. Cowperthwait, 1860 - Arithmetic - 366 pages

### Contents

 Simple Subtraction 64 Problems 67 Shorter Method of subtracting Com 70 Product not affected by Change in Order 78 Multiplication by Factors 88 85 101 Both Factors large Numbers 110 93 156 120 178 Recapitulation and Inferences 180
 Discount and Present Worth 296 55 301 Relations of Terms 302 DUODECIMAL FRACTIONS 309 Definitions and Explanations 316 Problems 324 Method of extracting the Square Root 331 Solids 333 Rule for the Cube Root 339 PROGRESSIONS 349

### Popular passages

Page 38 - Dry Measure. — 2 pints = 1 quart; 8 quarts = 1 peck; 4 pecks = 1 bushel. Liquid Measure. — 4 gills = 1 pint; 2 pints = 1 quart; 4 quarts = 1 gallon; 31| gallons = 1 barrel; 2 barrels = 1 hogshead. Long Measure. — 12 inches = 1 foot; 3 feet...
Page 359 - How much will it cost to plaster the walls and ceiling of a room 16 ft. 3' long, 14 ft. 2
Page 30 - Troy Weight 24 grains = 1 pennyweight. 20 pennyweights = 1 ounce. 12 ounces = 1 pound.
Page 21 - When a decimal number is to be divided by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the left as there are ciphers in the divisor, and if there be not figures enough in the number, prefix ciphers.
Page 143 - The product of a number taken any number of times as a factor, is called a power of the number.
Page 133 - ... NUMBER is one which has other factors besides itself and unity. Thus, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, &c., are composite numbers. (e.) Any entire number of times a given number is a MULTIPLE of it ; or, a MULTIPLE of a number is any number which can be exactly divided by it. Thus, 12 is a multiple of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12, because it is an exact number of times each of them, or because it can be divided by each without a remainder.
Page 21 - To multiply a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, &c., remove the decimal point as many places to the right as there are ciphers in the multiplier ; and if there be not places enough in the number, annex ciphers.
Page 99 - The Dividend is the number to be divided. The Divisor is the number by which we divide.
Page 344 - A Circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line called a circumference, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the centre.
Page 236 - How many bricks, each 8 in. long, 4 in. wide, and 2 in. thick, will it take to build a wall 47 ft. long, 6 ft. 6' high, and 1 ft. 8