Cambridge University Press, Sep 23, 1999 - History - 529 pages
The Enlightenment is an authoritative anthology of the key political writings from 'one of the best and most hopeful episodes in the life of mankind'. The texts are supported by a lucid introduction exploring their moral, philosophical, political and economic background, enabling the student to grasp both the context and the essence of each argument. Biographical notes and carefully selected bibliographies offer further help. The selection includes not only mainstream theories but also texts by authors actively engaged in the politics of the day, offering a broad and genuinely trans-European perspective. David Williams, a distinguished Enlightenment scholar, offers readers a view of the evolution of Enlightenment political thinking in a variety of contexts: natural law, the civil order, the nation state, government, civil rights, women's rights, international relations, economics, crime and punishment, and revolution. Students of political science, history, European studies, international relations, law and philosophy will find this an invaluable resource.
advantage authority Barbeyrac become Bernard Mandeville body cause century citizens civil order common consequence constitution crimes and punishments dependent despotic duties edition elected Enlightenment equal essay established Estates-General Europe everything evil executive fear force France François Quesnay freedom French French Revolution Grotius happiness hereditary human ideas individual interest Jean Barbeyrac Joseph Priestley judge justice king labour legislative less liberty live magistrates man's mankind Mary Wollstonecraft matter means ment mind monarch Montesquieu moral nation natural law natural right necessary never obligation Olympe de Gouges oppression particular passions perpetual peace person philosophical physiocratic political thought prince principles produce Pufendorf reason Reflections relations representatives republic revenue Revolution Rousseau rule senate sense Siéyès slavery slaves Social contract society sovereign spirit subjects theory things Third Estate tion trade translation treatise true truth virtue Voltaire vote wealth whole women