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act of Congress action admiralty adopted affirmed amendment appeal applied arising authority bank bill bonds Chief Justice Circuit Court citizens claim clause common law conferred Constitution construction contract corporation debts decision declared defendant delivered the opinion District duty effect enacted enforce established exclusive executive exercise existence extend fact Federal courts foreign Fourteenth Amendment grant habeas corpus held imposed indictment interest interstate commerce issued judges judgment judicial power jury land lative legal tender legislation legislature license limits Louisiana Maryland matter means ment Missouri navigable necessary offence officers oleomargarine original jurisdiction parties Pennsylvania persons plaintiff in error President principle privileges proceedings prohibition protection punishment purpose question railroad company regulate commerce rendered respect river rule secured Stat statute suit Supreme Court taxation territory thereof tion treaty tribunals Union United validity vessels vested Wheat writ of error
Page 795 - that the laws of the several states, except where the Constitution, treaties or statutes of the United States shall otherwise require or provide, shall be regarded as rules of decision in trials at common law in the courts of the United States in cases where they apply.
Page 754 - State in which a decision in the suit could be had, where is drawn in question the validity of a treaty or statute of or an authority exercised under the United States, and the decision is against their validity; or where is drawn in question the validity of a statute of, or an authority exercised under any State, on the ground of their being repugnant to the constitution, treaties or laws of the United States...
Page 845 - And the said records and judicial proceedings, so authenticated, shall have such faith and credit given to them in every court within the United States as they have by law or usage in the courts of the State from which they are taken.
Page 706 - That the Circuit Courts of the United States shall have original cognizance, concurrent with the courts of the several States, of all suits of a civil nature, at common law or in equity, where the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of interest and costs, the sum or value of two thousand dollars, and arising under the Constitution or laws of the United States...
Page 837 - It is hereby ordained and declared by the authority aforesaid, that the following articles shall be considered as articles of compact between the original states and the people and states in the said territory, and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent...
Page 810 - If an act of the legislature, repugnant to the constitution, is void, does it, notwithstanding its invalidity, bind the courts, and oblige them to give it effect ? Or, in other words, though it be not law, does it constitute a rule as operative, as if it was a law ? This would be to overthrow in fact, what was established in theory ; and would seem, at first view, an absurdity too gross to be insisted on.
Page 810 - It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each.
Page 4 - The government of the United States, then, though limited in its powers, is supreme; and its laws, when made in pursuance of the Constitution, form the supreme law of the land, ' ' anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.
Page 166 - The result is a conviction that the states have no power, by taxation or otherwise, to retard, impede, burden, or in any manner control the operations of the constitutional laws enacted by Congress to carry into execution the powers vested in the general government.
Page 447 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.