Conversations on Natural Philosophy: In which the Elements of that Science are Familiarly Explained and Adapted to the Comprehension of Young Pupils : Illustrated with Plates
J.Y. Humphreys, 1821 - Physics - 256 pages
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acts angle appear atmosphere attraction axis ball body bring called Caroline centre centre of gravity Certainly circle colour consequently consider contain continue convergent convex course diminishes direction distance draw earth effect Emily equal equator exactly explain fall figure fixed fluid focus force give glass gravity greater heat heavy idea incident increased lens less lever light matter means meet mirror moon motion move nature never object obliquely observe opposite orbit parallel particles pass perfectly perpendicular planets plate pole pressure proceed produced proportion quantity raise rays rays of light reach reason receiver reflected reflected rays refraction represents resistance retina rise round seen shadow side situated sound space spring stars supported suppose surface tion true tube understand unite vapour velocity vibrations weight whilst whole wind
Page 102 - Now came still evening on, and twilight gray Had in her sober livery all things clad ; Silence accompanied ; for beast and bird, They to their grassy couch, these to their nests Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale ; She all night long her amorous descant sung...
Page 102 - The starry host, rode brightest, till the moon, Rising in clouded majesty, at length, Apparent queen, unveil'd her peerless light, And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw.
Page 77 - ... time that the axle describes a small one, therefore the power is increased in the same proportion as the circumference of the wheel is greater than that of the axle. If the...
Page 49 - B it receives in return a blow equal to that which it gave, but in a contrary direction, and its motion is thereby stopped, or rather, given to B. Therefore, when a body strikes against another, the quantity of motion communicated to the second body...
Page 208 - ... the white rays of the sun are composed of coloured rays, which when blended together, appear colourless or white. Sir Isaac Newton, to whom we are indebted for the most important discoveries respecting light and colours, was the first who divided a white ray of light, and found it to consist of an assemblage of coloured rays, which formed an image upon the wall, such as is exhibited, in which are displayed the following series of colours — red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.
Page 64 - The curve-line which the ball has described, is called in geometry, a parabola; but when the ball is thrown perpendicularly upwards, it will descend perpendicularly ; because the force of projection, and that of gravity, are in the same line of direction. We have noticed the centres of magnitude, and of motion ; but I have not yet explained to you what is meant by the centre of gravity ; it is that point in a body, about which all the parts exactly balance each other ; if, therefore, that point is...
Page 140 - I hope, thoroughly impressed upon your memory, by the conversation we have subsequently had on astronomy. It will now be necessary for me to give you some account of the mechanical properties of fluids, a science which is called hydrostaticS. A fluid is a substance which yields to the slightest pressure. If you dip your hand into a basin of water, you are scarcely sensible of meeting with any resistance.
Page 117 - We shall now explain the variation of the seasons, and the difference of the length of the days and nights in those seasons — both effects resulting from the same cause.
Page 147 - All the metals expand by heat, and condense by cold. A piece of lead, let us say a cubic inch, for instance, would have less specific gravity in summer than in winter; for it would be more dense in the latter season. CAROLINE. • But, Mrs. B., if you compare the weight of equal quantities of different bodies, they will all be alike. You know the old saying, that a pound of feathers is as heavy as a pound of lead ! MRS.