Primary Geography: Introductory to Swinton's "Grammar School Geography"

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Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, and Company, 1881 - Geography - 90 pages
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Page 13 - Parallels of latitude are small circles parallel to the equator, and diminishing in size as they approach the poles. Of these parallels, the most remarkable are the Polar or the Arctic, and Antarctic circles, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn. The Arctic circle is 23 degrees from the North Pole ; the Antarctic circle is 23 degrees from the South Pole.
Page 13 - Zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle. The South Temperate Zone, between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.
Page 14 - The Longitude of a place is its distance, east or west, from a given meridian.- It is reckoned in degrees, minutes, and seconds, and cannot exceed 180, or a semicircumference.
Page 14 - ... of a meridian contained between the zenith and the equinoctial ; hence, if the distance of any heavenly body from the zenith when on the meridian, and its declination, or...
Page 20 - Of its six sides, three are bounded by water (the English Channel on the north, the Atlantic Ocean on the west, and the Mediterranean Sea on the south), and two by mountains (the Pyrenees in the south, and the Alps and the Jura Mountains in the east).
Page 22 - Gulf on the east, the Indian Ocean on the south, and the Red Sea on the West, the name can also denote the area east of Jerusalem.
Page 9 - A gulf, bay or sea is a division of the water partly surrounded by land. What is a strait ? A strait is a narrow passage of water which joins two bodies of water.
Page 10 - What is a river ? A river is a large stream of water flowing through the land.
Page 3 - The Equator divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
Page 2 - ... from. What does that prove ? It proves that the earth is round like a ball. Why does it prove that the earth is round ? Because a circular path is the only one by which one can reach the place he started from, without turning about and going back. What other proof have we that the earth is round ? When a ship is coming in from sea, the tops of the masts are seen first, then the sails, and then the hull. Why does that prove that the earth is round? Because if the surface of the water were flat,...

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