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Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.-Continued
Biaggi, Hon. Mario, a Representative in Congress from the State of
New York, prepared statement of

Carlucci, Hon. Frank C., Under Secretary, Department of Health,

Education, and Welfare:

"Eleven Programs Under the Civil Rights Compliance

Program," (tables)..

Page

365

"Provisions of the New Bilingual Education Act in S. 1539
Which DHEW Supports,'

Cohen, Hon. William S., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Maine:

an article.

324

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Cruz, Hon. Ramon A., secretary of education, Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico, prepared statement of

126

de Inclan, Mrs. Rosa Guas, chairlady, National Advisory Com-
mittee on the Education of Bilingual Children:

"Additional recommendations for revision of regulations," an
article__

108

Comparison of the test scores in reading and math between a full
bilingual school and five other schools of comparable popula-
tion, grades K through 6 (table).

108

"Position paper on Bilingual Education," an article.
Prepared statement of__

Fierro, Manuel, executive director, Raza association for Spanish-
surnamed Americans, statement of

Fok, Mrs. Lily, assistant coordinator, title VII bilingual project—
building bilingual bridges, New York, N. Y., prepared statement of

Gerry, Martin, Acting Director, Office for Civil Rights, HEW:

Equal education services reviews (charts):

Students in five elementary and secondary school systems selected

99

85

243

403

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for Office for Civil Rights Review (table).

28

Summary sheet__

31

Gleazer, Dr. Edmund J., Jr., president, American Association of
Community and Junior Colleges, statement by

232

Glennan, Dr. Thomas K., Jr., director, National Institute of Educa-
tion, "NIE Employees Working on Bilingual Programs," a list ----

Gonzalez, Josue, University of Massachusetts, Rockefeller Founda-

tion, statement of

326

Harris, James, president-elect, National Education Association:
Directory of State Participation in Bilingual/Bicultural Educa-
tion_..

223

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.-Continued
Nieves, Frank, member, School Board No. 6, New York City:

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"Medical Spanish,' a publication article by Mercedes Mendez,

editor..

"Medical Spanish Program," from Mercedes Colon, director at
NYU Medical College.

One Feather, Vivian, teacher-consultant, Red Cloud Indian School,
Pine Ridge, S. Dak., prepared statement of............
Orta, Awilda, president, New York City Commission on Bilingual
Education, prepared statement of...

Ottina, Dr. John, U.S. Commissioner of Education, “States with
State Bilingual/Bicultural Legislation or Other Provisions Allowing
Bilingual/Bicultural Education," a list..

Pottinger, Hon. Stanley, Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights

Division, U.S. Department of Justice, "Lau v. Nichols," a U.S.

Supreme Court brief.

Ramirez, Dr. Henry M., chairman, Cabinet Committee on Op-
portunities for Spanish-Speaking People, prepared statement of

Rio Grande Valley Administrators Association, "Position Paper".

Roberts, William T., codirector, Coalition of Indian Controlled School

Boards:

"E.S.E.A. Title Seven Indian Schools which proposed a grant

for bilingual programs, fiscal year 1974".

Statement of

Rodriguez, Carmen A., community superintendent, Community
School District 7, Board of Education of the City of New York,
Bronx, N. Y., prepared statement of..

Page

429

428

476

439

318

463

473

420

Roybal, Hon. Edward R., a Representative in Congress from the
State of California, statement of.

237

Schain, Dr. Robert L., principal, George W. Wingate High School,
Brooklyn, N. Y., prepared statement of..

366

Schroeder, Hon. Patricia, a Representative in Congress from the
State of Colorado, prepared statement of..

478

BILINGUAL EDUCATION ACT

TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1974

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

GENERAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 9:45 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 2175, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Lloyd Meeds, presiding. Present: Representatives Meeds, Bell, Chisholm, Benitez, and Biaggi.

Staff members present: Jack Jennings, counsel; John Lee, minority legislative assistant; Eydie Gaskins, special assistant; Toni Painter, secretary.

Mr. MEEDS. The General Subcommittee on Education is beginning today hearings on the general topic of bilingual education and on H.R. 1085, H.R. 2490, and H.R. 11464. I will insert in the record at this point copies of those three bills.

[Texts of H.R. 1085, H.R. 2490, and H.R. 11464 follows:]

[H.R. 1085, 93d Cong., 1st Sess.]

A BILL To authorize special appropriations for training teachers for bilingual education programs.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 703 of title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is amended by redesignating subsection (b), and all references thereto, as subsection (c), and inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection:

"(b) In addition to the sums appropriated pursuant to subsection (a), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, not subject to clauses (7) and (8) of section 705 (a) and clauses (2) and (3) of section 705(b), such sums as the Congress determines to be necessary for carrying out programs and projects for the purposes set forth in section 704 (b).”.

[H.R. 2490, 93d Cong., 1st Sess.]

A BILL To amend the Bilingual Education Act with respect to the qualification of schools in which programs under such Act may be carried out.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 704 (a) of the Bilingual Education Act is amended by striking out "from families (A) with incomes below $3,000 per year, or (B) receiving payments under a program of aid to families with dependent children under a State plan approved under title IV of the Social Security Act".

SEC. 2. Section 704 (c) of the Bilingual Education Act is amended by striking out "from families (A) with incomes below $3,000 per year, or (B) receiving payments under a program of aid to families with dependent children under a State plan approved under title IV of the Social Security Act".

(1)

[H.R. 11464, 93d Cong., 1st Sess.]

A BILL To amend title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to extend, improve, and expand programs of bilingual education, teacher training, and child development.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Comprehensive Bilingual Education Amendments Act of 1973".

SEC. 2. Section 702 of the Bilingual Education Act is amended to read as follows:

"POLICY; APPROPRIATIONS; DEFINITIONS

"SEC. 702. (a) In recognition of the special educational needs of the large numbers of children who speak primarily a language other than English (as defined in subsection (c) (1)) in the United States, the Congress hereby declares it to be the policy of the United States to (1) encourage the establishment and operation of educational programs using bilingual educational methods and techniques and (2) for that purpose, provide financial assistance to local educational agencies in order to enable such agencies to carry out such programs in elementary (including preschool) and secondary schools which are designed to meet the special educational needs of such children.

"(b) Except as otherwise provided in this title, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this title, there is authorized to be appropriated $135,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1974, and for each of the succeeding fiscal years ending prior to July 1, 1977; and there is further authorized to be appropriated for such purpose for each of such fiscal years such additional sums as the Congress may determine. From the sums so appropriated for any fiscal year

"(1) The Commissioner shall reserve such amounts as may be necessary, but not in excess of 10 per centum thereof, for the purposes of sections 708, 709, 710, and 711; and

"(2) The Commissioner shall reserve not less than 33 1/3 per centum of that part thereof which is in excess of $35,000,000 for the purposes of section 704 (b).

"(c) For purposes of this title

"(1) the term 'children who speak primarily a language other than English' means children who

"(A) were not born in the United States and whose native language is a language other than English,

"(B) were born in the United States and whose parents do not speak English, or

"(C) as defined under regulations of the Commissioner, come from environments where the language preference is other than English, and, by reason thereof have difficulty speaking and understanding instruction in the English language:

"(2) the term 'native language', when used with reference to a child who speaks primarily a language other than English, means the language normally used by the child, or the parents of the child, or in the environments from which the child comes:

"(3) the term 'teacher of bilingual education' means a teacher with a speaking and reading ability in a language other than English in which bilingual education is offered, and with communicative skills in English; and

"(4) the term 'program of bilingual education' means a full-time program of instruction of children who speak primarily a language other than English (and for English-speaking children who desire to participate in such a program) in which

"(A) there is instruction, given both in the native language of the child who speaks primarily a language other than English and in English, in all courses or subjects of study which are required of a child in preschool, elementary school, or secondary school, as the case may be, by or pursuant to the law of the State:

"(B) both the native language of the child and English are studied, including the speaking, reading, and writing thereof:

"(C) there is study of the history and culture of the nation, territory, or geographical area with which the child's native language is associated and of the history and culture of the United States."

SEC. 3. Section 70%

"REQUIR

"SEC. 703. (a) In t standing of the English matter including, but i program of bilingual edu the participation of childi in regular classes, in whic of study shall be given to who speak primarily a lang

"(b) A program of bilingt for the voluntary enrollment whose language is English, in tural heritage of the childre English with whom they asso bilingual education is designed. children constitute more than on pating in a particular program of

preceding sentence for any fiscal year shall gentum of the aggregate of the amounts agencies in the State of such State ubsection there is authorized to be any fiscal year.

State plan, submitted and all constitute a contract the Commissioner

nited States.

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"(c) Children enrolled in a pr this title shall, if graded classes ai in classes with children of approxim attainment. If children of significan attainment are placed in the same cl shall make special provision to insure tion which is appropriate for his level o "(d) Any parent whose child has b enrolled in a program of bilingual education under this title shall have the absolute right, either at the time of the original notification of enrollment or at the close of any semester thereafter, to withdraw his child from said program by written notice to the school authorities of the school in which his child is enrolled or to the school committee of the city, town, or the school district in which his child resides.

"(e) The Commissioner, by regulation, shall establish, with respect to programs of bilingual education assisted under this title, minimum requirements regarding pupil-teacher ratios, teacher qualifications and certification, and other factors affecting the quality of instruction offered in such programs."

SEC. 4. (a) Section 704 (a) of such Act is amended by striking out "such", and by striking out "of limited English-speaking ability" and inserting in lieu thereof "who speak primarily a language other than English".

(b) Section 704 (b) of such Act is amended to read as follows:

"(b) Training designed to prepare persons to participate in such programs, including training of teachers, counselors, administrators, paraprofessionals, teacher aides, and parents, and training of persons to teach such persons, which shall stress opportunities for career development, advancement, and lateral mobility, and shall include special training programs designed to meet individual needs and to encourage reform, innovation, and improvement in applicable education curriculums in graduate education, in the structure of the academic profession, and in recruitment and retention of higher education and graduate school facilities as related to bilingual education; and".

(c) Section 704(e) of such Act is amended by—

(1) striking out "such" the first time it appears,

(2) striking out "of limited English-speaking ability” and inserting in lieu thereof "who speak primarily a language other than English",

(3) striking out "activities" and inserting in lieu thereof "programs of bilingual education and related activities conducted in conjunction therewith",

(4) striking out clause (1) thereof and redesignating clauses (2) through (8) as clauses (1) through (7), respectively, and

(5) striking out "and" after clause (6) as so redesignated, striking out the period at the end of clause (7) as so redesignated and inserting in lieu thereof "; and", and adding at the end thereof the following new clause:

"(8) auxiliary community activities designed to facilitate the implementation of such programs and activities."

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