Literacy Tests and Voter Requirements in Federal and State Elections: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, United State Senate, Eighty-seventh Congress, Second Session on S. 480, S. 2750, and 2979
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962 - Literacy tests (Election law) - 688 pages
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15th amendment account of race action adopted apply appropriate legislation arbitrary Attorney General KENNEDY authority basis bill Chairman citizens Civil Rights Commission clause completed the sixth condition of servitude counties CREECH Dean GRISWOLD decision denial denied the right deprive discrimination discriminatory due process enact enforce English language equal protection equal protection clause exercise fact Federal elections Federal Government franchise Happersett HARRIS Judge OLD Lassiter legislature literacy requirements literacy tests manner of holding ment Mississippi Negroes North Carolina Northampton County numerous branch officers person power of Congress prescribe the qualifications previous condition provisions Puerto Rico qualifications of voters question race or color reasonable registrar regulate right to vote Senator CARROLL Senator ERVIN Senator JAVITS Senator KEATING sixth grade education Spanish language standards statement statute subcommittee Supreme Court tion U.S. Attorney U.S. SENATOR unconstitutional United valid violation vote on account voter qualifications Yarbrough
Page 638 - Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State or Territory, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.
Page 411 - Though the law itself be fair on its face and impartial in appearance, yet, if it is applied and administered by public authority with an evil eye and an unequal hand, so as practically to make unjust and illegal discriminations between persons in similar circumstances, material to their rights, the denial of equal justice is still within the prohibition of the Constitution.
Page 638 - If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten or intimidate any citizen in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States...
Page 190 - All citizens of the United States, who are otherwise qualified by law to vote at any election by the people in any state, territory, district, county, city, parish, township, school district, municipality, or other territorial subdivision, shall be entitled and allowed to vote at all such elections without distinction of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, any constitution, law, custom, usage, or regulation of any state or territory, or by or under its authority, to the contrary notwithstanding.
Page 124 - Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Page 638 - District to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or to different punishments, pains, or penalties, on account of such inhabitant being an alien, or by reason of his color, or race, than are prescribed for the punishment of citizens, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both...
Page 637 - Whenever any person has engaged or there are reasonable grounds to believe that any person is about to engage in any act or practice which would deprive any other person...
Page 228 - ... vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.