Physical Features of Public School Centers in Village and Rural Communites

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Page 14 - ... one of the best farmers in the school district. His judgment may be relied upon to fix the time and the frequency of the workings. Consulting as far as practicable the convenience of the members, the superintendent calls them together when there is work to be done. Certain of the work requires only a small number of workers for a short while. For such work the members are called by small groups alternately. Other kinds of work, such as chopping and picking cotton, require a large number of workers....
Page 15 - ... the school farms have been one of the main sources. 2. A means of socialization. — On the school farm, where gather men, women, and children of every religious and political faith and of every social stratum, under conditions as nearly normal as possible and with perfect freedom, society is at its fusing point. Here new friendships are made and old ones strengthened. The best thoughts of the community, whether on sewing, cutting, cooking, raising poultry, house decoration, housekeeping in general,...
Page 15 - ... may be regarded as — 1. A means of increasing the school revenue. — The rural schools of North Carolina need better buildings, better equipment, longer terms, and better salaries for teachers. These can not be had without more money. In Wake County during the past six years about 50 schoolhouses have been built and equipped, most of them ranging in cost from $2,000 to $15,000. The county board of education usually pays one-half the cost of the buildings, the other half being paid by the school...
Page 17 - ... school. 4. An aid to consolidation. — School patrons need to be informed as to the needs of their school. The school-farm " working bee " affords the medium of communication between patrons and superintendent. Through conferences as to the best methods of operating the school farm, to which many patrons are able to make helpful contributions, and by touching elbows in the middle of the rows, a basis of sympathy and confidence is established. Suggestions of the superintendent thus made are more...
Page 14 - How worked. — The farm superintendent is usually one of the best farmers in the school district. His judgment may be relied upon to fix the time and the frequency of the workings. Consulting as far as practicable the convenience of the members, the superintendent calls them together when there is work to be done. Certain of the work requires only a small number of workers for a short while. For such work the members are called by small groups alternately. Other kinds of work, such as chopping and...
Page 15 - ... trees and to clear the ground of brush. These tasks finished, all gathered in the schoolhouse, where a few short spirited talks and some bright prophecies were made, a resolution of thanks to the school-farm superintendent voted, and a resolution passed to meet on the school farm again the following Monday morning to seed the ground in rye. Some of the topics discussed at the school farm meetings are: The value of deep plowing, subsoiling, winter cover crops, the relative merits of fall and winter...
Page 15 - ... school a new meaning as a factor in the socialization of rural life ; second, to vitalize school life by the introduction of new practical subjects, or by improving the method of teaching old subjects, or by both ; third, to supplement the school fund. 6. A typical " working " day on a school farm. — On a crisp October Friday morning there was a quicker movement in the homes of the Enterprise School District. The three-room school building of the consolidated district had just been completed,...
Page 16 - ... decoration, housekeeping in general, gardening, cattle raising, orcharding, farming in general, magazine and newspaper topics, rearing children, morals, or education, are here standardized and stamped as free currency. 3. A means of teaching. — Every year thousands of experiments are made at the experiment stations of the State agricultural colleges of our country, testing theories of agricultural practice. Many of the theories tested are found to be useless and untenable. Those that prove...
Page 15 - ... quicker movement in the homes of the Enterprise School District. The three-room school building of the consolidated district had just been completed, and the teachers had been in the community several days already. On this particular day all " hands " gathered at the schoolhouse to pick the 4-acre cotton farm for the third and last time. By 9 o'clock the work was well under way. Among the pickers were the new teachers and the county superintendent and the president of the county school betterment...

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