Qualifications of Electors: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate. Eighty-fourth Congress, Second Session, on S.J. Res. 29, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States Relating to the Qualifications of Electors. April 11 and 13, 1956
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1957 - Poll tax - 71 pages
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action adopted amendment appear applied assessed authority believe bill Chairman citizens citizenship civil committee Congress Constitution Court decisions denied district educational election entitled existed fact Federal Federal Constitution follows freehold give going Government hearings House included inhabitants interest Joint Resolution 29 language least legislation legislature limitation male matter meaning meeting Members ment method months necessary North offers to vote officers opinion original paid participation pass payment person poll tax possessed preceding prescribed present privileges protection provisions qualifications of electors question quote ratified reason record reference registered relating removal Representatives requirement resided respective Rhode Island right to vote Senate Joint Resolution Senator HOLLAND Senator KEFAUVER Senator LANGER six months South Carolina statement submitted suffrage Supreme Court tion town twenty-one United Virginia voters word qualified
Page 45 - The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this Union, the free inhabitants of each of these States, paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several States; and the people of each State shall have free ingress and regress to and from any other State, and shall enjoy therein all the privileges of trade and commerce subject to the same duties,...
Page 2 - The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
Page 46 - ... fetter and degrade the State governments by subjecting them to the control of Congress, in the exercise of powers heretofore universally conceded to them of the most ordinary and fundamental character; when in fact it radically changes the whole theory of the relations of the State and Federal governments to each other and of both these governments to the people...
Page 27 - ... shall be entitled to vote for members of the General Assembly and all officers elective by the people...
Page 46 - States, to transfer the security and protection of all the civil rights which we have mentioned, from the States to the federal government? And where it is declared that Congress shall have the power to enforce that article, was it intended to bring within the power of Congress the entire domain of civil rights heretofore belonging exclusively to the States?
Page 53 - ... a part of the powers of the states and of the people of the states was granted to the United States and the people of the United States. This grant operated as a further limitation upon the powers of the states, so that now the governments of the states possess all the powers of the Parliament of England, except such as have been delegated to the United States or reserved by the people.
Page 45 - The constitutional provision there alluded to did not create those rights, which it called privileges and immunities of citizens of the States. It threw around them in that clause no security for the citizen of the State in which they were claimed or exercised. Nor did it profess to control the power of the State governments over the rights of its own citizens.
Page 25 - Every male person subject to none of the foregoing disqualifications, who shall have attained the age of twenty-one years, and who shall be a citizen of the United States, and who shall have resided in this State one year next preceding an election, and the last six months within the district or county in which he offers to vote, shall be deemed a qualified elector...
Page 18 - And to remove all doubts concerning the meaning of the word " inhabitant," in this constitution, every person shall be considered as an inhabitant, for the purpose of electing and being elected into any office or place within this state, in that town, district or plantation, where he dwelleth, or hath his home.
Page 45 - We feel no hesitation in confining these expressions to those privileges and immunities which are, in their nature, fundamental; which belong, of right, to the citizens of all free governments; and which have, at all times, been enjoyed by the citizens of the several states which compose this Union, from the time of their becoming free, independent, and sovereign.