abbey alloyed metal altar altar-table arches ART-WORK artificers artists assay beautiful Benvenuto Cellini bronze BROOCH Byzantine candlestick carats cathedral Cathedral of Monza celebrated Cellini Chaffers chalice chasing Christian church CIBORIUM coinage coins containing copper copper-gilt cross crozier cupel decorated DIADEM Duke dukes of Burgundy ecclesiastical electrum eleventh century Eloy enamel engraved enriched with precious fifteenth century figures filigree Found at Hildesheim fourteenth century France gilt gold and silver golden goldsmiths Greek Guerrazzar Hall Marks Herodotus Hildesheim Histoire des Arts History of Precious H˘tel Cluny Jehan jewels King King's Natural History Labarte LAON CATHEDRAL large number LOMBARDS magnificent monastery MONSTRANCE NIELLO objects Pala d'oro Paris Pasiteles period precious metals precious stones preserved produced pure gold reign reliquary remarkable represented Roman saints sculptor shrine silver plate silver-gilt silversmiths South Kensington Museum specimens standard TARA BROOCH thirteenth century twelfth century vase vessels weight Wilten workers in precious workmanship XIITH CENTURY
Page 61 - Germany at the end of the Middle Ages. We leave out of our consideration those territories which at the end of the fourteenth and the beginning of the fifteenth century...
Page 11 - And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: 18 And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof...
Page 10 - And it came to pass, as. the camels had done drinking, that the man took a golden earring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold; and said, Whose daughter art thou?
Page 12 - He that is so impoverished that he hath no oblation chooseth a tree that will not rot ; he seeketh unto him a cunning workman to prepare a graven image, that shall not be moved.
Page 25 - The outer circlet is composed of six equal pieces of beaten gold, joined together by hinges, and set with large rubies, emeralds, and sapphires, on a ground of blue gold enamel. Within the circlet is "the iron crown," without a speck of rust, although it has been exposed more than 1,500 years.
Page 3 - The use of coined money cannot be traced further back than the 9th c. Bc Money, however, as a medium of exchange, existed much earlier, and when of metal it passed by weight, no piece being adjusted to any precise weight, and all money being weighed when exchanged. Early metallic money was in the form of bars, spikes, and rings ; the ring money could be opened, closed, and linked in a chain for convenience of carriage. The Lydians are supposed to have been the first people who used coined money,...
Page 4 - The Lydians have very nearly the same customs as the Greeks, with the exception that these last do not bring up their girls in the same way. So far as we have any knowledge, they were the first nation to introduce the use of gold and silver coin, and the first who sold goods by retail.
Page 32 - Figs. 310 and 311 represent buttons and clasps belonging to the Gaulish and Merovingian periods. [The girdles of the franks and Saxons, found in English tombs, were usually ornamented most profusely. Not only were the buckles (▀bula) of the richest workmanship, and conspicuous for size and decoration, but they are sometimes supplemented by enchased plates, or plates set with precious stones.
Page 37 - In speaking of goldsmiths' and silversmiths' work of the 11th century, it is necessary to mention the magnificent high altar of the Cathedral of Gerona, in Cataluna. This altar is of alabaster, and is covered on three sides with silver plates, fastened on wooden boards, while in front the plates are of gold.